The macula is the central part of the retina that is responsible for high-resolution vision and is critical in tasks such as reading, driving, and other activities requiring fine visual discrimination.
The vitreous is a jelly-like substance that fills the eye and is frequently implicated in diseases such as retinal tears, retinal detachment, floaters and other conditions.
They then complete an additional 2 years of focused ‘fellowship” training to specialize in diseases and surgery of the retina, vitreous gel of the eye and the macula. Retinal specialists are typically Board Certified in Ophthalmology.
Medical School - 4 years
Internship - 1 year
Ophthalmology Residency - 3 years
Retina-Vitreous Fellowship - 2 years